What are the risks of the homosexual lifestyle?

Unfortunately, research has shown that emotional and health problems of the homosexual lifestyle include:

Shorter lifespan. HIV/ AIDS is much more common among practicing homosexuals and has a dramatic impact on life expectancy.1 In countries with a long history of same-sex marriage, e.g., Denmark and Norway, married gays and lesbians have a shorter lifespan than their conventionally married counterparts – by 24 years. 2

More Sexually Transmitted Infections. Over 15 severe injuries and diseases are associated with oral and anal sex, which are frequent practises of homosexual males, including rectal tearing and Hepatitis A and B.Homosexual men contract syphilis at 3-4 times the rate of heterosexuals. Bacterial vaginosis occurs in 33% of lesbians but only 13% of heterosexual women. Compared with heterosexual women, sexually-active lesbians have a relatively high prevalence of the viral Herpes Simplex and of Human Papilloma Virus which is linked to virtually all cervical cancer cases.4

General health problems. Homosexuals are more prone to psychiatric disorders and mental illnesses, including depression, and mood and anxiety disorders5. The pro-homosexual Gay and Lesbian Medical Association records that homosexuals are more likely than the general population to abuse substance, suffer from alcoholism, indulge in binge drinking, smoking, obesity, asthma, heart disease, chronic illnesses and infectious diseases.6, 7, 8

Abusive relationships. In contrast to heterosexuals, homosexuals register a higher incidence of sexual assault, victimization and violence from intimate partners9, challenging the claim that they can form relationships which are as stable or committed as heterosexuals. The average homosexual union lasts 1.5 years and men in homosexual relationships have on average eight partners a year outside of these relationships. The same study also found that only 34% of homosexual men in “committed relationships” felt that it was wrong to cheat on their partner.10 The incidence of domestic violence among homosexual men is “substantially higher than among heterosexual men.”11 In a survey of 1,099 lesbians, the majority reported abuse by their female partner.12

Some blame homophobia for these problems. However, as the research has shown, such trends are evident even in Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands where homosexuality has received virtually unanimous societal approval for decades.

In fact, the effects of homosexual practice extend beyond the individual homosexual, and affect the larger society.

In Singapore

  • The Ministry of Health reported that for 2012, homosexual transmission and bisexual transmission accounted for 51% of newly reported HIV cases through sexual activity.13
  • A 2009 survey of nearly 8,000 gay men (25% from Singapore) found that 58% had a regular partner and 13% had more than 10 partners in the previous year.14
  • A 2010 Asian MSM Internet Sex Survey of 10,861 participants (15% from Singapore) found that being gay and having more gay friends are significantly associated with stimulant drug use, with relatively high levels of club drug use (8.1% for ecstasy and 5.3% for Ketamine).15
  • According to a survey conducted on a local gay website in 2009, more than 1 in 10 claimed they combine sex with adulterated illegal sex drugs,16 an act which damages the brain.17


1. R.S. Hogg, S.A. Strathdee, K.J. Craib, M.V. O’Shaughnessy, J.S. Montaner & M.T. Schechter, Modelling the Impact of HIV Disease on Mortality in Gay and Bisexual Men (International Journal of Epidemiology, 1997, Vol 26(3), pp 657-661)
3. Kerby Anderson, A Biblical Point of View on Homosexuality (Oregon: Harvest House Publishers, 2008)
4. HPV and Cancer (National Cancer Institute)
5. Theo G.M. Sandfort (PhD), Ron de Graaf (PhD), Rob V. Bijl (PhD) & Paul Schnabel (PhD), Same-Sex Sexual Behavior and Psychiatric Disorders: : Findings from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (Archives of General Psychiatry, 2001, Vol 58(1), pp 85-91)
6. Dicing with Death (The New Paper, 10 November 2009)
8. Coverage for Gender Reassignment Surgery is a Necessity (Between the Lines News, Issue 1714, 2 April 2009)
10. Study Finds Gay Unions Brief  (The Washington Times, 11 July 2003)
11. Roy Waller, Major Scientific Study Examines Domestic Violence Among Gay Men (National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality, 2 September 2008)
12. Gwat Yong Lie and Sabrina Gentlewarrier, Intimate Violence in Lesbian Relationships: Discussion of Survey Findings and Practice Implications (Journal of Social Service Research, 1991, Vol 15,pp 41-59)
15. Wei Chongyi, Thomas E. Guadamuz, Lim Sin How, Huang Yongxu and Stuart Koe, Patterns and levels of Illicit Drug Use among Men who have Sex with Men in Asia (Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2011, Vol 120, pp 246-9)
16. Dicing with Death (The New Paper, 10 Nov 2009)
17. Zaihan Mohamed Yusof, Dangers of Drug Overdose (The New Paper, 27 Jun 2010)

What could happen if Section 377A is repealed?

Based on developments in countries that have legalised homosexual conduct, we can expect that following such legalisation, homosexuality will become a norm over time, and all other expressions of sexuality and sexual preference will eventually become permissible.

Interference with basic freedoms1

  • Religious groups/individuals who consider homosexual acts morally wrong can be charged in court for “hate speech”, merely by stating their belief that children need a mother and a father.2
  • It would become impossible to oppose homosexuality and homosexual acts being taught in school.3
  • Parents lose their parental rights to educate their children against the homosexual lifestyle.4
  • People cannot refuse to enter into contracts with pro-homosexual persons or organizations, even if it is against their conscience (e.g., a hotel can be sued for not hosting a same-sex wedding5).
  • Foster and childcare entities may be denied the right to operate if they refuse to endorse the homosexual lifestyle.
  • Legalization of same-sex unions, and eventually, of homosexual parenthood, might require government subsidy of IVF treatments from taxpayer’s money.
  • Anti-discrimination laws will affect policies (e.g., gay couples have equal right to housing subsidies).

Harm to children

  • With no norms or restrictions on sexual behaviour, paedophilia (sexual acts with children) is justifiable; children are defenceless against sexual exploitation.6
  • Adolescents are given premature suggestions that add to confusion about their sexual identity.7
  • Youth are exposed to the dangers of the homosexual lifestyle (Qn.9, 26).

Even if homosexuality is deemed wrong, it could nonetheless become legal. One argument for legalizing vice in Singapore is that it exists nonetheless and legalizing it enables some governmental control rather than having it “go underground”. It takes a courageous people to continue to make laws and act on moral convictions of what is right v. wrong and good v. bad for society, instead of rationalizing destructive behaviour on account of practical economics or popular politics.


1. Glenn T. Stanton and Bill Maier, Marriage on Trial: The Case Against Same-Sex Marriage and Parenting (Illinois InterVarsity Press, 2004)
3. La Shawn Barber, Normalizing Homosexuality in the Public Schools (7 November 2012)
5. Katie Zezima, Couple Sues a Vermont Inn for Rejecting Gay Wedding (The New York Times, 19 July 2011)
6. Mike Haley, 101 Frequently Asked Questions About Homosexuality(Oregon: Harvest House Publishers, 2004)
7. Joe Dallas, A Strong Delusion: Confronting the “Gay Christian” Movement (Oregon: Harvest House Publishers, 1996)

What is Section 377A about?

Section 377A of the Penal Code (Cap. 224, 2008 Rev. Ed. Sing.) criminalizes acts of “gross indecency” between male persons. These have been held by the Singapore courts to include touching the penis1, anal intercourse2, fellatio3, and being masturbated by the hand4.

Outrages on decency

377A. Any male person who, in public or private, commits, or abets the commission of, or procures or attempts to procure the commission by any male person of, any act of gross indecency with another male person, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2 years.

As at 2013, Singapore is one of 76 countries that still maintain anti-sodomy laws which criminalize same-sex sexual conduct5

While there have been increasing challenges and calls to repeal Section 377A, the government has thus far maintained its position to retain it.

Singapore is basically a conservative society. The family is the basic building block of our society… And by “family” in Singapore, we mean one man one woman, marrying, having children and bringing up children within that framework of a stable family unit.
…So we should strive to maintain a balance, to uphold a stable society with traditional, heterosexual family values, but with space for homosexuals to live their lives and contribute to the society.
…They do not have to go underground. We do not harass gays. The Government does not act as moral policemen. And we do not proactively enforce Section 377A on them…

~ Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
2007 parliamentary debate on Section 377A6


1. Ng Huat v PP (1995) 2 SLR® 66 (Sing. H.C.)
2. PP v. Tan Ah Kit (2000) SGHC 254; PP v. Amayapapan Kodanpany (2010) 2 SLR 1025 (Sing. H.C.)
3. PP v. Lim Beng Cheok (2003) SGHC 54; Adam bin Darsin v. PP (2001) 1 SLR® 709 (Sing. C.A.); Lim Hock Hin Kelvin v. PP (1998) 1 SLR® 37 (Sing. C.A.)
4. PP v. Rahim bin Basron (2010) 3 SLR 278 (Sing. H.C.)
5. Lucas Paoli Itaborahyand Jingshu Zhu, State-Sponsored Homophobia, A World Survey Of Laws: Criminalisation, Protection And Recognition Of Same-Sex Love (International Lesbian Gay Bisexual Trans and Intersex Association, May 2013, 8th edition)
6. Lee Hsien Loong’s Speech on Section 377A (Yawning Bread, November 2007)

How widespread is gay activism in Singapore?

Pro-LGBT or homosexual activist groups in Singapore which champion gay rights and promote acceptance of peoples of all kinds of sexual orientations often have strong global affiliations and support.

Pink Dot is considered Singapore’s high-profile, landmark homosexual initiative. Held at Speakers’ Corner in Hong Lim Park, this annual, free-for-all event started in 2009 in support of the LGBT community in Singapore. Attendees gather to form a giant pink dot in a show of support for inclusiveness, diversity and the freedom to love. The latest Pink Dot event in June 2015 was purported to be attended by more than 28,000 people1, backed by large local and global corporate supporters and local celebrities.

Sayoni is “a community of queer women, including lesbian, bisexual and transgender women” that “organizes and advocates for equality in well-being and dignity regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity”.

People Like Us (PLU) is one of the first local gay and lesbian groups formed for the purpose of advocacy and public education. It has been refused formal registration as an organization twice (in 1997 and 2004), but boasts a following of over 2,300 members in its email discussion list SiGNeL.

Pelangi Pride Centre is a Singapore-based LGBTQ (+ Queer) community space and resource centre located at Geylang in a venue sponsored by the Free Community Church, which “affirms that same-sex and transgender relationships, when lived out in accord with the love commandments of Jesus, are consistent with Christian faith and teachings.” The Free Community Church initially took the form of Safehaven, a support group for homosexual Christians. (Qn.19)

Oogachaga (OC) offers gay affirmative counselling and personal development for LGBTQ individuals under the umbrella of SPACES, a registered local charity.

Action for Aids (AfA) is a registered charity under the Ministry of Health that supports and advocates for persons living with HIV/ AIDS, of which MSM (men who have sex with men) constitute an increasing segment.

Inter-University LGBT Network is a collection of LGBT university student groups in Singapore. It presently comprises tFreedom (National University of Singapore [NUS], Tembusu College), Gender Collective (NUS, University Scholars Programme), Kaleidoscope (National Technological University), Out to Care (Singapore Management University), and The G Spot (Yale-NUS College).

At the 2012 Global LGBT Workplace Summit, Google launched a new phase of its “Legalize Love” campaign, with plans to specifically target Singapore. A spokesperson for the campaign said that the campaign aims to “promote safer conditions for gay and lesbian people inside and outside the office in countries with anti-gay laws on the books”. He added that “Singapore wants to be a global financial centre and world leader and we can push them on the fact that being a global centre and a world leader means you have to treat all people the same, irrespective of their sexual orientation.”2

On 31 January 2014, the Straits Times published an article titled “Students’ passions come alive in varsity clubs”. The writer reported, “Another group [at Yale-NUS College] is The G Spot…interested not only in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender issues, but also other topics such as race or body image.” This student group took part in Pink Dot and hosted a sharing session by the parents of gay college student Matthew Shepard, an American hate-crime victim.”3

3. Amelia Teng, Students’ Passions Come Alive in Varsity Clubs (The Straits Times, 31 January 2014)

What does the homosexual lifestyle look like in Singapore?

Apart from Pink Dot (Qn. 24 & 37) and groups which cater to homosexual people, there are the occasional homosexual-themed plays/movies and gay events organized by regular entertainment outlets and night spots.

Tanjong Pagar Road is traditionally known as the thoroughfare of homosexual activity, but has since been replaced by Neil Road. Gay establishments in the form of bars/pubs, discos/clubs and saunas have sprouted in the area (e.g., Tras Street, Craig Street, Duxton Hill, Ann Siang Road) and in the nearby districts of Chinatown and Telok Ayer.1

With further development to various spots in Singapore, including enhancements to existing back allies and improvements to lighting in parks, outdoor gay venues have become less popular. Night “cruising” (i.e., where homosexual people roam about the area in search of a sex partner) is now limited to places such as the Fort Road carpark, Changi Business Park, Tanjong Beach at Sentosa and the upper-level carparks of Pearl’s Centre and Shaw Towers.2

A simple online search with relevant keywords about the gay lifestyle and personalities in Singapore would result in an extensive list of local gay sites and gay-affirming resources, such as Oogachaga’s The ABC’s of Gay Sex.3

1. SgWiki, Singapore Gay Venues: Contemporary (Accessed 23 July 2014)
2. Ibid.
3. Oogachaga’s publication available online: http://www.oogachaga.com/congregaytion/news/detail/96/The-ABCs-of-Gay-Sex